Tag: Carl Sagan

China Opens the World’s Largest Radio Telescope to International Scientists

Article by Chelsea Gohd                                     December 18, 2020                                         (space.com)

• Following the collapse of the historic Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, China has opened the biggest radio telescope in the world up to international scientists. “Our scientific committee aims to make ‘FAST’ increasingly open to the international community,” Wang Qiming, the chief inspector of the telescope’s operations and development center. China will accept requests in 2021 from foreign scientists looking to use the instrument for their research.

• In Pingtang, Guizhou province of China stands the massive 1,600-foot dish of the Aperture Spherical Telescope (“FAST”) (pictured above). The largest radio telescope in the world, FAST began full operations in January of 2020. “We drew a lot of inspiration from its [Arecibo’s] structure, which we gradually improved to build our telescope,” Wang said. The Arecibo Observatory had been the largest radio telescope for decades, although the FAST is three times more sensitive than Arecibo. FAST is also surrounded by a 3-mile (5 kilometers) “radio silence” zone in which cellphones and computers are not allowed.

• Researchers may use FAST to not just explore the universe but also to study alien worlds. Radio telescopes like FAST use antennas and radio receivers to detect radio waves from radio sources in the cosmos, like stars, galaxies and black holes. These instruments can also be used to send out radio signals and even reflect radio light from objects in the solar system (like planets) to see what information might bounce back, as SETI did in 1974 at Arecibo. An interstellar radio message was sent to the globular cluster M13 in hopes of reaching an extraterrestrial civilization there. The message was co-authored by Carl Sagan and helped to popularize Arecibo and radio astronomy in general.

 

collapsed Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico

Following the collapse of the historic Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, China has opened the biggest radio telescope in the world up to international scientists.

In Pingtang, Guizhou province stands the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST), the

         Guizhou province of China

largest radio telescope in the world, surpassing the Arecibo Observatory, which stood as the largest in the world for 53 years before the construction of FAST was completed in 2016. Following two cable failures earlier this year, Arecibo’s radio telescope collapsed in November, shutting down the observatory for good. Now, FAST is opening its doors to astronomers from around the world.

“Our scientific committee aims to make FAST increasingly open to the international community,” Wang Qiming, the chief inspector of FAST’s operations and development center told the news agency AFP during a visit to the telescope, according to the French news site AFP.

China will accept requests this upcoming year (2021) from foreign scientists looking to use the instrument for their research, according to the report.
With its massive 1,600-foot (500 meters) diameter dish, FAST is not only larger than the now-destroyed Arecibo telescope, but it’s also three times more sensitive. FAST, which began full operations in January of this year, is also surrounded by a 3-mile (5 kilometers) “radio silence” zone in which cellphones and computers are not allowed.

“We drew a lot of inspiration from its [Arecibo’s] structure, which we gradually improved to build our telescope,” Qiming said.

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Why Do People Lie About Alien Encounters?

Article by Matthew Rozsa and Keith A. Spencer                                   December 10. 2020                                         (salon.com)

• Every year, thousands of stories of alien abduction or interstellar communication emerge from people around the world. Just about all of them are dismissed by the scientific community outright for lack of evidence. While most stories of alien abduction emerge from those who are either mentally ill or desirous of attention, occasionally someone with political clout makes such claims — as did the former head of an Israeli space agency, Haim Eshed, last week when he told the Israeli newspaper Yediot Aharonot that extraterrestrials from a “Galactic Federation” have been in contact with human beings but do not want the public to know as they feel our species is not ready yet, according to NBC News.

• Eshed also claimed that President Trump had planned on revealing the extraterrestrials’ existence but was asked to not do so in order to prevent “mass hysteria”; that there is an “underground base in the depths of Mars” where American astronauts and extraterrestrials interact; that the US government signed a contract with aliens allowing them to do experiments here; and that the extraterrestrials are seeking to learn about “the fabric of the universe.”

• Astronomers and physicists are so accustomed to outrageous claims of extraterrestrial sightings that the phrase “it’s never aliens” has become a motto. Carl Sagan famously quipped, “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”. Scientists still apply his lesson to claims of alien sightings. Recent fast-moving objects observed by the US Defense Department, for instance, went viral over public speculation that they might be alien craft. Yet human engineers are perfectly capable of producing such fast-moving drone craft right here on Earth. Occam’s Razor suggests a human origin is far more likely.

• But what about when someone with political power, influence and credibility makes such obviously bogus claims? Someone like Eshed, or astronaut Edgar Mitchell, or former Canadian defense minister Paul Hellyer?

• “Without further information, it is impossible to know what psychological factors might underlie these claims from Haim Eshed,” says Christopher C. French, a British psychologist who specializes in the psychology behind people claiming to believe in or have experienced the paranormal. The connection between mental illness and claims of alien abduction is common enough that there are entire psychology studies devoted to the subject. French noted that Eshed could be telling the truth, although “given the outlandish nature of his claims and the lack of any direct evidence to support them” French agreed it was “extremely unlikely.”

• A more likely possibility is that Eshed genuinely believes what he is saying, despite it being false. “Has he seen any actual evidence or is he basing his claims on reports from others?” asks French. “If the former, is the evidence convincing? If the latter, are these others credible? What are they basing their claims upon? Is it possible that Eshed is delusional? This is certainly a possibility.”

• Finally, it is possible that Eshed and his ilk are deliberately lying? He is promoting a book about UFOs so he has a financial incentive to lie. “He will no doubt become the latest ‘darling’ of the UFO community and be invited to address UFO conferences, not to mention appearances on talk shows, and so on,” says French. “Maybe it’s all a practical joke and he is laughing all the way to the bank?”

• “Mr. Eshed’s background as a space security official serves as a reminder that outlandish views are not limited to uneducated people,” says Glenn C. Altschuler, a historian at Cornell University. “We know …that when presented with evidence that seems to debunk their beliefs or conspiracy theories they often hug them ever more tightly, exhibiting what psychologists call ‘cognitive dissonance’. …[I]t is important to understand that many people fervently believe that what they are saying is true. They may interpret attention as validation. If they are telling a story for material gain, of course, all bets are off.”

• “The problem here is that these claims will fuel conspiracy beliefs of all kinds,” says French. “After all, if the US government are lying about this, what else are they lying about? Maybe the COVID vaccination program really is just a cover to inject us all with microchips to control our minds? This way lies collective madness — and thousands more unnecessary deaths.” “If Eshed has any solid proof to support his claims, he should tell the world what it is. Until he does so, we should feel no more obliged to believe him than we would any other conspiracy theorist.”

[Editor’s Note]  This article’s writers, and the “experts” whom they cite, outrageously use mental illness to explain the hundreds of thousands of people who’ve reported UFO sightings and extraterrestrial encounters. However, they themselves are in the exact mental state that they project upon believers – a cognitive dissonance that clings to the circular logic that ‘extraterrestrial UFOs are not real because they don’t exist’. They will focus on a current ET or UFO report and completely ignore centuries of supporting evidence.

These professional debunkers love to quote Carl Sagan’s “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence” line, but refuse to look at the extraordinary evidence that has been out there for decades. It is very likely that these UFO/ET deniers are doing the bidding of their deep state financiers, just as Carl Sagan did as it turns out. (see previous ExoArticles: “Carl Sagan, “Fudged” Evidence of Extraterrestrial Beings”; “Carl Sagan knew UFOs are real”) It has been revealed that from 1976 to 1989, Sagan himself was a member of Majestic 12, which is a secret deep state government panel created during the Truman administration, just after the Roswell crash in 1947, specifically to manipulate the public’s disbelief in the UFO/ET phenomenon. (see previous ExoArticle: “MJ-12 Document Exposing Extraterrestrial Contact is Authentic”) It is this institutional cover-up of the existence of extraterrestrials that has caused the deep state-controlled media and academia to continue to deny and debunk the extraterrestrial reality to this day.

The truth of a long-standing extraterrestrial presence will soon be disclosed in a manner in which the global population can no longer deny it. This will be a glorious day for the principle of truth and will mark the beginning of a new era of human civilization on Earth. But we cannot simply forget all of these pernicious writers and ‘experts’ who have actively concealed the truth from us for so long. When this happens, all of these people must be called out and exposed for their treachery and betrayal of humanity, and relegated to the contemptible scrap heap of history where they belong, never to be heard from again. I’m calling you out Matthew Rozsa, Keith Spencer, Christopher French and Glenn Altschuler. Your day is coming.

 

                          Haim Eshed

Astronomers, astrophysicists, and nonprofits like the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute have

article co-author Matthew Rozsa

been scouring the skies for signs of intelligent life for decades, and have thus far come up blank. Every year, thousands of stories of supposed alien abduction or interstellar communication emerge from citizens around the world, though just about all of them are dismissed by the scientific community outright for lack of evidence. Yet while most stories of alien abduction emerge from those who are either mentally ill or desirous of attention in some regard, occasionally someone with political clout makes such claims — as the former head of an Israeli space agency did last week when he announced that human beings have made direct contact with extraterrestrials.

Haim Eshed, who used to lead Israel’s Defense Ministry’s space directorate, told the Israeli newspaper Yediot Aharonot that extraterrestrials from a “galactic federation” have been in contact with human beings but do not want the public to know as they feel our species is not ready yet, according to NBC News. He also claimed that President Donald Trump had planned on revealing the extraterrestrials’ existence but was asked to not do so in order to prevent “mass hysteria”; that there is an “underground base in the depths of Mars” where American astronauts and extraterrestrials interact; that the U.S. government signed a contract with aliens allowing them to do experiments here; and that the extraterrestrials are seeking to learn about “the fabric of the universe.”

    article co-author Keith Spencer

“They have been waiting until today for humanity to develop and reach a stage where we will understand, in

British psychologist Christopher C. French

general, what space and spaceships are,” Eshed said of the supposed galactic federation.

Astronomers and physicists are so accustomed to outrageous claims of extraterrestrial sightings that the phrase “it’s never aliens” has become a motto of sorts, repeated in Twitter memes and college course titles. “Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence,” popular astronomer and science educator Carl Sagan famously quipped. Sagan was fond of pointing out that skepticism formed the crux of the scientific method, and scientists still apply his lesson to claims of alien sightings. Recent fast-moving objects observed by the US Defense Department, for instance, went viral over public speculation that they might be alien craft; yet human engineers are perfectly capable of producing such fast-moving drone craft right here on Earth. Occam’s Razor suggests a human origin is far more likely.

Hence, an attention-hungry loner or a diagnosed paranoid schizophrenic person reporting alien sightings is common enough as to not be newsworthy. That is because the public does not expect this type of person to be credible, and such people generally don’t provide evidence that would make their claims so.

deep state stooge Carl Sagan

But what about when someone with political power, influence and credibility makes such obviously bogus claims?

 historian Glenn C. Altschuler

Someone like Eshed, or astronaut Edgar Mitchell, or former Canadian defense minister Paul Hellyer?

“Without further information, it is impossible to know what psychological factors might underlie these claims from Haim Eshed,” Christopher C. French, a British psychologist who specializes in the psychology behind people claiming to believe in or have experienced the paranormal, wrote to Salon.

Notably, there are psychological disorders that commonly lead to their sufferers believing that they are under the influence of aliens. The connection between mental illness and claims of alien abduction is common enough that there are entire psychology studies devoted to the subject. A 1983 paper published in The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, titled “Psychoses and unidentified objects,” studied six subjects who claimed to have communicated with aliens who had given them missions to protect humanity. The study’s two co-authors concluded that “five of them suffered from a paranoid delusional state often akin to paraphrenia,” a mental condition characterized by paranoid delusions and hallucinations.

French speculated as to the possible psychological explanations for Eshed’s claims, explanations that apply to other prominent alien-seers like Hellyer and Mitchell. French noted that he could be telling the truth, although “given the outlandish nature of his claims and the lack of any direct evidence to support them” French agreed it was “extremely unlikely.”

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Carl Sagan’s Thoughts About Aliens and Life on Other Planets

August 15, 2020                          (explica.co)

• The author of ‘Cosmos’ (1980), Dr Carl Sagan (pictured above) believed that life was not a unique condition on Earth, and that the Universe was a place brimming with life. Arguably the most popular science ‘popularizer’ in history, Sagan reasoned that, among the billions of galaxies and the immeasurable number of suns and orbiting worlds, the Earth was unlikely to be the only place that harbors life.

• Seeking extraterrestrial life was something that Sagan was passionate about until the end of his days. He based his research on objective criteria, such as the ingredients necessary for life, organic matter, and the possibilities of an extraterrestrial evolutionary development completely different from that on Earth.

• Sagan insisted, however, that the first signs of life would not arrive in a spaceship. He believed that the confirmation of extraterrestrial life would come with the discovery of alien microorganisms. Sagan was the first to point to the clouds of Venus as one of the most promising sites for extraterrestrial life. In a study published in 1967, Sagan speculated that from the biochemical composition of the Venusian clouds, it would be possible to have simple life forms floating above them.

• In a 1985 Chicago public radio interview with writer Studs Terkel, Sagan said, “It is inevitable that humans project their hopes and dreams into the cosmos” while Hollywood portrays aliens as “red creatures with claws and fangs, pointed heads and unsavory character. Steven Spielberg has taken an important step to show the possibility of benign aliens, but even in this case, aliens appear as slight variations from human beings when the evolutionary history is clear that aliens would be very different from us.”

• Sagan was the promoter of the SETI programs (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) through the use of radio telescopes to search or send signals deep into space. Sagan assumed that “if we got a message, it [couldn’t] be from someone less capable than us, because someone less capable couldn’t communicate in the least. It would have to be someone much more (technologically) advanced than us…” The scientist considered that among the rest of the civilizations of the Milky Way, ours would be one of the most backward. After all, we’d only invented the radio telescope in 1937.

• Sagan considered the union of space, organic matter and time as an almost infallible recipe for life. “There are a huge number of planets, a whole range of planetary systems around nearby stars. So there are many potential abodes for life.” “Then there’s organic matter – carbon-rich composite molecules that are essential to the kind of life – (which) we know are fantastically abundant in the Universe. We see them in asteroids, comets, on moons in the outer Solar System, and even in the dark cold spaces between the stars, so the substance of life is everywhere.”

• Sagan continued: “And then there is the time. There are millions of years for biological evolution on all these worlds (to develop) and there are many worlds much older than ours.” “So if we put together many places, a lot of organic matter and a lot of time, it seems very difficult to believe that our ridiculous little planet is the only one that is inhabited.”

[Editor’s Note]   During his lifetime, Dr Carl Sagan positioned himself as the modern scientist, maintaining a fealty to mainstream scientific principles while allowing for the possibility of intelligent extraterrestrials. The ‘scientific’ reasoning was that in universe so vast, there must be another extraterrestrial civilization out there – somewhere. But the only thing we would ever likely find would be extraterrestrial microbes… because the universe is so vast. This became the scientific approach for modern scientists and deep thinkers.

But we have recently learned that Sagan was actually a member of Majestic 12, the group of a dozen scientists, military brass and intelligence chiefs that was created during the Truman administration following the 1947 Roswell crash for the sole purpose of debunking and covering up the UFO/extraterrestrial presence. Looking at Sagan now, through this lens, gives us a better understanding of Sagan’s motives. Rather than deny that extraterrestrials exist, Sagan reformed the modern scientific viewpoint to allow that they may exist somewhere in the universe, but the chances of us ever coming across them are remote to impossible. This became the ‘enlightened’ theory that science would cling to, and still clings to today, all carefully orchestrated by the deep state MJ-12.

Under Sagan’s reformation, astronomers and scientists interested in extraterrestrials would need to focus on alien microorganisms and radio transmissions from distant stars. Microorganisms required the organic building blocks of life. So scientists ought to focus on planets having the greatest likelihood of containing these organic compounds and the explicit conditions for them to thrive, using the Earth as the template. But at the same time, Sagan adduced that intelligent life springing from similar conditions as on Earth would have nothing in common with humans. With such remote chances of finding any intelligent extraterrestrials and the possibility of not even recognizing them as intelligent beings, why pursue finding them?

Finally, Sagan promoted the continued search for extraterrestrial intelligence through the radio telescopes of SETI which began in 1960. This accomplished both instilling the idea that any intelligent civilization would be incredibly far away – beyond our ability to reach – and that nevertheless, our best and brightest minds are diligently searching for them.

These propaganda measures, which Sagan promoted, placated the public with the assurance that if there were any intelligent ETs out there, we are doing the best we can to find them. It also served the deep state’s agenda of hiding from the public the fact that the universe is absolutely teeming with intelligent extraterrestrials, many of whom the US government has been working with since at least WWII to provide the deep state government with incredibly advanced technologies that allow elite secret space programs to colonize the solar system, traverse the galaxy, and benefit from amazing technologies that offer free energy, unlimited food and resources, and an end to disease and suffering.

In short, the celebrated Carl Sagan was a master at disinformation for the deep state.

 

The author of ‘Cosmos’ believed that life was not a unique condition on Earth and thus imagined aliens. Carl Sagan thought of the Universe as a place brimming with life.

The most popular science popularizer in history started from a cosmic perspective to doubt that, among the billions of galaxies that exist in the observable Universe and the immeasurable number of suns and worlds that orbit around it, the Earth was the only place that harbors life.

Seeking extraterrestrial life the author of “Pale Blue Dot” (1994) was passionate about until the end of his days, but unlike ufologists and enthusiasts of the UFO phenomenon, the scientist based his research on objective criteria, such as the ingredients necessary for life, the organic matter and the possibilities of an extraterrestrial evolutionary development completely different from that of Earth.

What are aliens like according to Carl Sagan?

Despite his overwhelmed optimism about the search for extraterrestrial life, Sagan assured that the first signs of life were from Earth they would not arrive in a spaceship, nor would they be similar to Hollywood-style characterizations. Instead, he considered that the confirmation of extraterrestrial life would be much more humble, with the discovery of microorganisms.

Sagan was the first to point to the clouds of Venus as one of the most promising sites in the Solar System in the search for extraterrestrial life. In a study published in 1967, the author of ‘Cosmos’ (1980) speculated that from the biochemical composition of the Venusian clouds, it would be possible to have simple life forms floating above them.

In a 1985 Chicago public radio interview with writer Studs Terkel, Carl Sagan shared his views on the subject extensively: “It is inevitable that humans project their hopes and dreams into the cosmos: common Hollywood attempts portray aliens as red creatures with claws and fangs, pointed heads and unsavory character.”

“Steven Spielberg has taken an important step to show the possibility of benign aliens, but even in this case, aliens appear as slight variations from human beings when the evolutionary history is clear that aliens would be very different from us.”

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FAIR USE NOTICE: This page contains copyrighted material the use of which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. ExoNews.org distributes this material for the purpose of news reporting, educational research, comment and criticism, constituting Fair Use under 17 U.S.C § 107. Please contact the Editor at ExoNews with any copyright issue.

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