Tag: Jupiter

There’s Water on Jupiter’s Moon Europa

 

Article by Mihai Andrei                            November 19, 2019                             (zmescience.com)

• NASA has confirmed that Jupiter’s moon Europa contains liquid water, making it one of the most promising places we know for extraterrestrial life. Astronomers have previously observed plumes of water emerging from Europa reaching hundreds of kilometers high.

• More recently, researchers at the W. M. Keck Observatory, atop the dormant Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii, found a clear signature of water molecules on the moon. Its earthbound spectrograph was able to detect water on Europa by meticulously removing the signatures of water molecules and other “contaminants” within the earth’s atmosphere.

• While “Essential chemical elements…are found all over the solar system,” says NASA scientist Lucas Paganini, liquid water is somewhat hard to find beyond Earth.” Forty years ago, the Voyager snapped a photo of a cracked and shifting geology on Europa, indicating tectonic drifts or even a sub-surface ocean with slabs of ice moving on top of it.

• Avi Mandell, a Goddard planetary scientist on Paganini’s team, said, “[E]ventually, we’ll have to get closer to Europa to see what’s really going on.” In 2025 he and his fellow astronomers will get their wish. NASA’s Clipper mission will launch toward Jupiter to analyze Europa’s habitability, chemistry, and geology. The mission will also help NASA select a landing site for its future Europa lander. The European Space Agency plans to launch its ‘Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (or “JUICE”) in 2022 to analyze Jupiter’s Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa. Might these explorers detect life in a moon’s slushy ocean?

 

NASA has confirmed that Jupiter’s moon Europa contains liquid water, making it one of the most promising places we know for extraterrestrial life.

At first glance, not much is happening on Europa. A small, frozen world orbiting Jupiter doesn’t seem like the most interesting place out there. But 40 years ago, the Voyager snapped an intriguing photo of the satellite: its frozen surface wasn’t stale and monotonous, it was cracked and sliced by different features, suggesting active and recent phenomena. Subsequent missions showed even more exciting things.

Despite being undoubtedly bombarded by meteorites, Europa’s surface is largely devoid of craters. This means that something must have erased or eroded them, suggesting some active geology. Not only is Europa active — it has some form of tectonics, and more impressively, it seems to have liquid water. The liquid water isn’t on the surface but rather beneath the frozen surface. The pattern of the cracks observed on Europa’s surface suggest that the frozen surface of the planet is not locked to the rest of the interior, which is exactly what you’d expect to happen if a layer of liquid were to exist beneath the surface.

To make things even more tantalizing, astronomers have observed something which seems to be plumes of water emerging from Europa. Some of the plumes are hundreds of kilometers high, adding even more evidence to the case for water on Europa.

Now, that case is essentially proven. Researchers looking from the W. M. Keck Observatory, atop the dormant Mauna Kea volcano in Hawaii, found a clear signature of water molecules.

“Essential chemical elements (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur) and sources of energy, two of three requirements for life, are found all over the solar system. But the third — liquid water — is somewhat hard to find beyond Earth,” said Lucas Paganini, a NASA planetary scientist who led the water detection investigation. “While scientists have not yet detected liquid water directly, we’ve found the next best thing: water in vapor form.”

1:46 minute video on ‘Water Plumes on Europa” (NASA Goddard youTube)

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What Is a Dyson Sphere?

Listen to “E65 8-12-19 What Is a Dyson Sphere?” on Spreaker.

Article by Adam Mann                       August 1, 2019                     (space.com)

• In 1960, British-American theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson theorized that as an intelligent alien species’ population increased by 1% per year, their energy needs would grow exponentially becoming a trillion times larger in just 3,000 years. After developing and saturating the local moons and planets in their solar system, they may embark on a longer-term solution: The Dyson sphere.

• A Dyson sphere is a structure with platforms orbiting in tight formation that surrounds and encloses a larger celestial body, such as a gas giant planet like Jupiter or the system’s star itself, like a shell. Such an artificial structure would offer plenty of living space and energy production, drawing from the gas planet or star’s radiation. But as the Dyson sphere absorbed radiation, thereby dimming the planet from an outside observer’s perspective, Dyson theorized that the structure would need to re-radiate this energy through infrared wavelengths to avoid melting the structure itself. Therefore, a Dyson sphere would emit a bright signature in the infrared spectrum while being invisible to the human eye.

• This infrared radiation is considered a type of ‘technosignature’ that astronomers can use to detect an advanced civilization. Since the 1960’s, researchers have scanned infrared maps of the night sky in hopes of spotting a Dyson sphere, without success. But in 2015, Yale University astronomer Tabetha Boyajian did find a distant star that dimmed and flickered. Astronomers speculated that “Tabby’s Star” could be a partially built Dyson sphere. Because other astronomical experiments could not find other technosignatures from the star, scientists now think the object’s light patterns have some kind of non-alien explanation.

• In 1937, Olaf Stapledon first described a “gauze of light traps” surrounding a star system to utilize its solar energy in his novel “Star Maker”. Freeman Dyson acknowledged that this sparked his concept of a Dyson sphere. In 1992, a Dyson sphere was depicted in an episode of “Star Trek: The Next Generation”.

 

A Dyson sphere is a theoretical mega-engineering project that encircles a star with platforms orbiting in tight formation. It is the ultimate solution for living space and energy production, providing its creators ample surface area for habitation and the ability to capture every bit of solar radiation emanating from their central star.

Why build a Dyson sphere?

          Freeman Dyson

Why would anyone construct such a bizarre monstrosity? According to British-American theoretical physicist Freeman Dyson, who first speculated about these putative structures in 1960, an intelligent alien species might consider the undertaking after settling on some moons and planets in their local stellar neighborhood. As their population increased, these extraterrestrials would start to consume ever-greater amounts of energy.

Assuming this alien society’s populace and industry grew at a modest 1% per year, Dyson’s calculations suggested that the aliens’ area and energy needs would grow exponentially, becoming a trillion times larger in just 3,000 years. Should their solar system contain a Jupiter-size body, the species’ engineers could try to figure out how to take the planet apart and spread its mass in a spherical shell.

              Tabetha Boyajian

By building structures at twice the Earth-sun distance, the material would be sufficient to construct a huge number of orbiting platforms 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) thick, allowing the aliens to live on their star-facing surface. “A shell of this thickness could be made comfortably habitable, and could contain all the machinery required for exploiting the solar radiation falling onto it from the inside,” Dyson wrote.

But after absorbing and exploiting the solar energy, the structure would eventually have to reradiate the energy or else it would build up, causing the sphere to eventually melt, according to Dyson. This means that, to a distant observer, the light of a star wrapped in a Dyson sphere might appear dimmed or even entirely darkened — depending on how dense the orbiting platforms were — while glowing curiously bright in infrared wavelengths that aren’t visible to the naked eye.

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The Real Reason For the Iraq War? Saddam Hussein ‘Had Stargate Portal to Alien World’

Listen to “E62 8-11-19 The Real Reason For the Iraq War” on Spreaker.

Article by Michael Moran                   July 28, 2019                       (dailystar.co.uk)

• One of the main reasons for President George W. Bush’s invasion of Iraq in 2003 was Saddam Hussein’s alleged ‘weapons of mass destruction’. But those weapons were never actually found. So then, why would Bush and his British counterpart, Tony Blair, risk their political careers and legacy on such an unreliable pretext?

• Dr Michael E. Salla (ExoPolitics.org) believes that the ‘dodgy dossier’ that Bush and Blair used as a pretext for invading Iraq was a cover for their true motivation – to find and activate a ‘Stargate’ possibly hidden beneath the “Dark Ziggurat” of Enzu, which once was the lair of notorious Sumerian sorcerer Gimil-ishbi. Salla describes a Stargate as an artifact that allows instantaneous space-time means of travel to teleport from one place to another.

• In a 2003 paper entitled “Exopolitical Perspective on the Preemptive War Against Iraq”, Dr Salla claims there is evidence for a long-term extraterrestrial involvement in Iraq, dating back to ancient Sumer. (see Dr Salla’s Research Study #2 here)

• Dr Salla cites historian Zecharia Sitchin to identify a group of some 200 aliens known as the ‘Nephilim’, who rebelled against their superiors in the region of Iraq/Iran. Salla also points to the ‘Elohim’ who interacted with, and perhaps even created an early civilization on Earth. These beings, collectively called the “Anunnaki”, come from our solar system’s most mysterious planet, Nibiru. Nibiru has such an elliptical orbit around the Sun that it will only travel to within the orbit of Jupiter once every 3,600 years. The rest of the time it spends in the darkness of the outer solar system.

• American officials were concerned that, with the Stargate, Saddam Hussein could have traveled to Nibiru and obtained advanced extraterrestrial weaponry, and possible Anunnaki allies. They concocted fake evidence to invade Iraq in order to avoid an interplanetary war. Said Dr Salla, “I think that was a big part of the reason why the Bush Administration went into Iraq [was] to stop Hussein from revealing this information, and to also get control [of the Anunnaki Stargate] themselves.”

• In 1991, Nibiru came through the outer solar system and Anunnaki beings once again visited the Earth. However, an Anunnaki saucer was accidentally shot down by a US Air Force during the First Gulf War. Dr Salla claims that while Hussein controlled the search for the Stargate in Southern Iraq, the Germans were excavating the Sumerian city of Uruk and the US monitored the entire area from the sky. Then Bush II again invaded Iraq in 2003. Was Operation Iraqi Freedom the culmination of the search for the Stargate? Did the US and its allies find and remove the Stargate? It is unknown. And it is highly unlikely that we will ever be able to confirm the existence of a Stargate to Nibiru, when the cover-up is on such an interplanetary-scale.

 

SADDAM’s weapons of mass destruction were one of the main reasons for George W. Bush’s invasion of Iraq in 2003.
But those weapons were never conclusively found – and the questionable underpinnings of the second Gulf War have blighted the reputations of both Bush and his UK counterpart, Tony Blair, ever since.

Why would two men who were so focused their political reputation and legacy launch such a dangerous operation on such an unreliable pretext?

One Australian scientist thinks he has the answer.

                      Dr Michael Salla

Dr Michael E. Salla believes that the ‘dodgy dossier’ that Bush and Blair used as a pretext for invading Iraq in 2003 was a cover for a wilder, even more unbelievable motive.

Salla claims that aliens that he identifies as being from the mysterious 10th Planet of the Solar System, Nibiru, had a long-runningrelationship with the people of the Iraq / Iran region.

In a paper entitled Exopolitical Perspective on the Premptive War Against Iraq he says that there is evidence for a long-term alien involvement in the area, dating back to the earliest days of the Sumerian civilization that once dominated the fertile lands along the banks of Euphrates.

He cites the claims by historian Zecharia Sitchin of the ‘Nephilim’, a group of some 200 aliens who rebelled against their superiors, the ‘Elohim’ and interacted with – perhaps even created – early civilisation on Earth.

These claims centre around the idea that Nibiru has a highly eccentric orbit that sometimes brings it close to Earth – in

         Tony Blair and George W. Bush

an orbit somewhere between Mars and Jupiter, but most often leaves it lost in the blackness of the outer Solar System.

The Nibiru hypothesis is partially supported by the work of astronomers Chad Trujillo and Scott Sheppard who in 2014 demonstrated the possibility of a large planetary body lurking on the outer reaches of the Solar System.

Their hypothesis doesn’t, though, allow for the super-Earth sized planet wandering into the Asteroid Belt.
Nevertheless, Salla is sure that these two groups of aliens, who he collectively calls the Annukai, periodically visit humanity, in a 3,600 year cycle that coincides with its nearest approaches to Earth.

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