Do We Need a Special Language to Talk to Extraterrestrials?

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November 5, 2019           (wired.com)

• In May 2018, from a radar facility in Tromsø, Norway, ‘Sónar Calling’ trained its antennas on a potentially habitable exoplanet located 12 light years from Earth called GJ237b. Sónar Calling is an interstellar messaging project by the nonprofit METI International, or ‘Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence’ which began in 2017 (as the sister organization to SETI, the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence).

• The Sónar Calling messaging project has sent two transmissions to potential cosmic cousins. Both messages, each sent over the course of three days, have consisted of a selection of short songs and a primer on how to interpret the contents. The second broadcast was notable for sending an extraterrestrial language devised by physicists Yvan Dutil and Stephane Dumas in the late 1990s.

• Dutil and Dumas’ “language” is based on a communication system known as “Lincos”, a mathematical format developed by Dutch mathematician Hans Freudenthal in 1960. The ‘primer’ begins by introducing ET to numerals and basic arithmetic, and then progresses to more complex topics like human biology and the planets in our solar system. This mathematical language has been sent into space twice before in 1999 and 2003.

• Many mathematicians believe that math is a constant in the fabric of reality. Math isn’t something that humans created so much as it is something that the human mind discovered. Still, Lincos rests on the assumption that an ET is “human-like in its mental state”. If ET does in fact think like a human, does that alien also have some kind of human-like language? Early artificial intelligence researcher Marvin Minsky argues that ET is likely to have language because language is an ideal solution to fundamental problems faced by any intelligent species including constraints on time, energy, and resources.

• A deeper question is whether ET’s language will be similar to our own. Noam Chomsky has argued that universal grammar is a structure common to all human languages on earth. Brain imaging studies have shown that the structure of human language manifests in our neural brain activity. So if extraterrestrials do have a language similar to earth languages, it might imply that they also have a functionally equivalent neurobiology.

• Astrobiologist Charles Cockell compares the likelihood of biological similarities between humans and extraterrestrial beings with the similarities between humans and other animals here in earth. Cellular life arises from the same four nucleotides to create the structure of an eye or a wing. Universal biological similarities puts constraints on the trajectory of evolution tempered with adaptations to conditions on their home world. It is therefore reasonable to assume that extraterrestrial evolution might arrive at similar solutions to common issues, such as evolving a brain capable of recursive languages.

• If that’s the case, then the best way to communicate may not be designing artificial languages, but sending ET a set of encyclopedias. If ET has developed its own artificial intelligence, it could potentially decipher the structure of a natural language message. Aliens will still need some kind of language to connect some language symbols to their meaning. But as on earth, the best way to start an interstellar conversation might simply be by saying “hello.”

[Editor’s Note]   A lot of assumptions were made to get to the theory that extraterrestrial beings may have similar language skills, and therefore similar neurobiology as humans on earth. This strikes me as a lot of scientific gibberish meant to assure the average mind-controlled human that smart scientists are working day and night to unlock the mystery of whether there may be other intelligent extraterrestrial life in the universe. What other organization commonly uses this modality…. hmmm… oh yes! SETI. This sounds a lot like what SETI does to make people believe they are earnestly searching for extraterrestrial intelligence, when they and their Deep State handlers know for a fact that intelligent extraterrestrials exist all around us and regularly interact with our elite. According to these ‘deep thinkers’, a major obstacle is how we might communicate with these advanced beings. Have they ever heard of telepathy which requires no spoken language, and which virtually everyone who has had an encounter with an alien being has reported?

 

In May 2018, a radar facility in Tromsø, Norway, trained its antennas on GJ237b, a potentially habitable exoplanet located 12 light years from Earth. Over the course of three days, the radar broadcast a message toward the planet in the hopes that there might be something, or someone, there to receive it. Each message consisted of a selection of short songs and a primer on how to interpret the contents.

                Stephane Dumas
                  Yvan Dutil

This was the second iteration of Sónar Calling GJ273b, an interstellar messaging project by the nonprofit METI International that began in 2017. Although both transmissions were billed as a “music lesson for aliens,” the second broadcast was notable for rehabilitating an extraterrestrial language developed by the physicists Yvan Dutil and Stephane Dumas in the late 1990s.

This custom symbolic system begins by introducing ET to numerals, and then progresses to more complex topics like human biology and the planets in our solar system. An earlier version of the language was first sent into space in 1999 and again in 2003 as part of the Cosmic Call messages—a crowd-sourced interstellar messaging project that marked the first serious attempt at interstellar communication since Carl Sagan and Frank Drake sent the Arecibo message into space 25 years earlier.

All of these formal messaging attempts have taken basically the same approach: Teach numerals and basic arithmetic first. But as some recent insights in neurolinguistics suggest, it might not be the best way to greet our alien neighbors.

        Charles Cockell

The world’s first interstellar communication system, the lingua cosmica, or Lincos, set the tone for all subsequent attempts by placing

Marvin Minsky

basic math at its core. Designed by the Dutch mathematician Hans Freudenthal in 1960, Lincos inspired several other mathematicians and scientists to try their hand at designing extraterrestrial languages. Each system is ultimately an attempt at solving a remarkably complex problem: How do you communicate with an intelligent entity you know nothing about?

The question gets at the nature of intelligence itself. Humans are the only species on Earth endowed with advanced mathematical ability and a fully fledged faculty of language, but are these hallmarks of intelligence or human idiosyncrasies? Is there an aspect of intelligence that is truly universal?

Scientists and mathematicians have grappled with these questions for centuries. As the Nobel laureate Eugene Wigner once observed, mathematics is “unreasonably effective” at describing the natural universe, which has led a significant contingent of mathematicians to conclude that math is baked into the fabric of reality. From this perspective, mathematics isn’t something produced by the human mind so much as something the human mind discovers.

Most interstellar communication systems were designed around this conclusion. The goal isn’t to teach ETs about addition and subtraction—presumably they know as much if they can build a telescope to receive the message. Instead, these systems teach ETs about the way we code numbers as symbols. Then they can build up to more complex ideas.

It’s an elegant solution to a difficult problem, but Lincos still rests on the assumption that an ET is “human-like in its mental state,” as Freudenthal once conceded. But if ET does in fact think like a human, does that alien also have some kind of human-like language?

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Aliens Could ‘Invade’ Our Solar System Using Tiny Robots and We Might Not Even Notice

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Article by Jasper Hamill October 22, 2019 (metro.co.uk)

• Zaza Osmanov of the Free University of Tbilisi, Georgia has written a paper which discusses ‘extraterrestrial micro replicators’ called Von-Neumann probes that are capable of reproducing themselves. Osmanov theorizes that an alien civilization could ‘invade’ our solar system using tiny ‘micro-robots’ which astronomers would probably fail to spot unless they knew exactly what to look for.

• It’s entirely possible, says Osmanov, that extraterrestrial beings could unleash a massive squadron of undetected microscopic probes across the entire galaxy, through clouds of interstellar gas which exist between star systems. Osmanov imagines that if the tiny mechanical probes landed on a rocky planet, it would have the resources needed to continuously reproduce the energy and resource-efficient micro-robots.

• Osmanov believes that ‘detection (of swarms of these micro-robots) is quite realistic’ as the machines’ luminosity ‘might reach enormous values’ to be visible to Earth astronomers. But if we are unable to spot them, this may fall under the ‘Fermi Paradox’ as we wonder why we have not been able to detect other galactic civilizations.

• Nick Longrich, a senior lecturer in palaeontology and evolutionary biology at the University of Bath, England, has said that the evolution of complex intelligent life on Earth (from a primordial soup) is so spectacularly unlikely it may have happened just once in the entire universe. Said Longrich, “Our (human) evolution may have been like winning the lottery … only far less likely. …The universe is astonishingly vast.” But even if habitable worlds are rare, there are still enough of them out there to suggest that there is also life out there.

• According to evolutionary theory, says Longrich, ‘Humans couldn’t evolve until fish evolved bones that let them crawl onto land. Bones couldn’t evolve until complex animals appeared. Complex animals needed complex cells, and complex cells needed oxygen, made by photosynthesis. None of this happens without the evolution of life, a singular event among singular events. … All organisms come from a single ancestor; as far as we can tell, life only happened once.” The odds of evolving intelligence become one in 10 million. “[O]ur evolution wasn’t like winning the lottery. It was like winning the lottery again, and again, and again.”

• “[I]ntelligence will evolve on just 1 in 100 trillion habitable worlds.” Reasons Longrich. “If habitable worlds are rare, then we might be the only intelligent life in the galaxy, or even the visible universe.” “And yet, we’re here. That must count for something, right? If evolution gets lucky one in 100 trillion times, what are the odds we happen to be on a planet where it happened?”

• “Intelligence seems to depend on a chain of improbable events. But given the vast number of planets, then like an infinite number of monkeys pounding on an infinite number of typewriters to write Hamlet, it’s bound to evolve somewhere. The improbable result was us.”

[Editor’s Note]  Mainstream scientists and astronomers have not “found” any other galactic civilizations because they are actively trying NOT to find any other civilizations, as they exist throughout this universe. So they get these ‘scientists’ from Deep State-controlled universities to talk about Fermi’s paradox and the long odds of life happening on the earth, and longer odds that it has occurred on other planets, to make us believe that we are the only intelligent life in the galaxy. But wouldn’t the odds dramatically increase if other more ancient intelligent beings were assisting in our human development, or even creating it over hundreds of millions of years? And what if these extraterrestrial beings were still here, controlling and manipulating the human species on earth? This is the reality that the Deep State and its elite masters want to keep secret.

 

Here on Earth, you know a country has been conquered when loads of tanks, attacks helicopters and burly great soldiers roll into town.

But aliens could ‘invade’ our solar system using tiny ‘micro-robots’ which astronomers would probably fail to spot unless they knew exactly what to look for.

                         Zaza Osmanov

A new study has revealed that it’s entirely possible an extraterrestrial civilisation has unleashed a massive squadron of microscopic probes which have spread out across the galaxy undetected.

Zaza Osmanov of the Free University of Tbilisi in Georgia has written a paper which discusses ‘extraterrestrial micro replicators’ called Von-Neumann probes that are capable of reproducing themselves.

Currently, the search for alien intelligence is focused on discovering huge ‘megastructures’ such as Dyson Spheres – hypothetical giant power stations built around stars to harvest their energy.

Osmanov suggested that advanced civilisations might actually build tiny machines to explore the galaxy and calculated how they would spread through a cloud of interstellar gas – the name for great billows of gas which exist between star systems.

                  Nick Longrich

‘The total number of probes might increase extremely rapidly ”invading” the whole region of an interstellar cloud,’ he wrote.

When we think of aliens invading a star system, it’s often assumed they would land on a planet and begin munching up its resources while enslaving or slaughtering its unfortunate inhabitants.

This approach might actually be counterproductive because it requires more energy and effort than unleashing swarms of robots.

‘Extraterrestrials would prefer to use micro-robots than large-scale macro probe,’ Osmanov continued.

‘Still there is a possibility to make the process of reproduction efficient but for that, the probes need to land on rocky planets.

‘This compared to the continuous process of replication of microdevices in interstellar clouds seems to be less efficient because landing on a planet and fleeing from it require special manoeuvring.’

Thankfully, if a horde of robots colonised a cloud in the Milky Way we would probably notice them.

Osmanov said ‘detection is quite realistic’ because the machines’ luminosity ‘might reach enormous values’, meaning they would give off enough light to be visible.

He wrote: ‘If one detects a strange object with extremely high values of luminosity increment, that might be a good sign to place the object in the list of extraterrestrial Von-Neumann probe candidates.’

The apparent contradiction between the likelihood of aliens existing in our gigantic universe and our inability to find them is called the Fermi Paradox.

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3-FINGER NAZCA MUMMIES IN PERIL

OCTOBER 25, 2019

Docentes contratados de la UNICA no cobran hace 4 meses

There was an irregular, sudden incursion of archaeologists associated with the Ministry of Culture (and its local, regional chapter) accompanied by 7 policemen to go into the room where the mummies are being kept inside the university. They wanted to confiscate the 3-finger Nazca bodies (including the large mummy “María”) but could not because the person with the keys was not available. This move may have been illegal because there was no previous notification and the university has its own autonomy and rights.  The university took a valiant, creative step in defense of a true spirit of scientific investigation and now all of it is in peril.

The people doing this give the public impression that they want to do it because they are sure that the case of the three-finger mummies involves the illicit use of prehispanic bodies and animals. But the other impression which they give is that they do not want to give an opportunity for a scientific institution to conduct formal, careful research in Perú. Is it prejudice? A lack of mental flexibility? A defense of what they believe is the spoilage of national heritage to commit fraud? Or is it jealousy that they didn’t make the discovery under conventional circumstances? Obeying a conspiracy of silence? All of the above?

Since the beginning, the Ministry of Culture and associated scientists were invited in person and in writing many times when the three-finger bodies came to light but they either didn’t reply or were convinced from the beginning that the bodies were fake. Most of their objections have been answered by the scientists that (unlike them) studied the most important samples up close.

The individuals trying to take the bodies away may return to the university during the weekend or on Monday to confiscate the remains. Major local news services tend to side with the conventional position and do not seem to understand the importance of what such a discovery may be or to care about it besides their need to occasionally cover the news for ratings. The skeptic side seems to get more air time repeatedly.

Reporter Jois Mantilla is one of the few reporters that cares and is trying to do something about this. Other scientists quietly researching the “mummies” (even if convinced that at least some mummies can be genuine) still do not want their names to be known. New genetic results and other new results (due to tests performed after the person who found the bodies surrendered them to the university) were going to be revealed in about 10 days. I hope that they are revealed ASAP to show that confiscating the bodies would be a big mistake.

The international community should urgently ask the Ministry of Culture to allow this research to continue.

OCTOBER 28, 2019

Today was an important day to preserve the 3 finger-bodies or specimens. The Ministry of Culture wanted to confiscate the three-finger humanoid bodies taking them away from the custody of Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga that wants to invite scientists from all over the world to conduct proper research on them.

This day the authorities from the Ministry of Culture from Ica returned, also with police presence but they could not forcefully confiscate the 3-finger bodies. Both parties reached an agreement for the Ministry of Culture representatives to come back to take photos of the specimens another day. They didn’t seem to be well-informed about the research that had been conducted.

The Vice-rector Martin Alarcon was firm but conciliatory and did not exclude the scientists from the Ministry of Culture to participate in the research. Also, the police presence had been irregular in the first place because they had not been called and that is not permitted by law. It would have violated the university’s autonomy. They also didn’t have a court order and were basing their actions in a presumption. The rights of the university prevailed, at least today.

The conversation flowed in terms that in order to know what is the truth we must all come together to investigate. The vice-rector invited them as scientists to come back on the 5th and 6th of November also to participate in an international archaeology conference that will include one day for the three-finger specimens.

Some of the best 3-finger specimens are inside containers covered with red cloths and under lock and key behind a hermetically sealed glass door. Outside of the Vice -Rector’s office, about seven archaeology students were protesting the decision to safe keep several specimens, because they consider this to debase their professions.

OCTOBER 29, 2019

Yesterday (coinciding with the important meeting with the Ministry of Culture representatives as per the future of the three-finger humanoid bodies), the National Superintendence of Higher University Education (SUNEDU) denied renovating the operating license to Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga (also know as “UNICA”), founded in 1970 and with 19,400 students. SUNEDU had recently denied renovating the license of 21 private universities.  Unfortunately, the university became the first public university to be denied such a license. Unless the university’s license is re-established no new students will be able to enroll. Enrolled students can continue to attend classes.

At least since April 2019, the university was working with SUNEDU to solve the problems that had plagued the institution, problems related to a previous administration. There also are charges of corruption involving the previous administration. Strangely enough(and very suspiciously) their license was revoked on the same day in which the meeting with the Ministry of Culture regarding the three-finger bodies took place.

It seems to me that traditional political and scientific forces are psychologically blocked against the possibility of unique, non-human intelligent, humanoid beings actually being researched in a serious way in association with major institutions and that they try to find reasons to stop it.

I believe that if the university continues having classes (as it strives to meet the demands of SUNEDU) it should continue hosting the research on the 3-finger bodies to determine the truth.

 

 

 

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