Tag: U.S. Space Force

China’s Space Supremacy Could Wipe Out Our Satellites and Send Us Back to the Stone Age

Article by Douglas MacKinnon                                 September 7, 2020                                    (thesun.co.uk)

• There is no nation on Earth more dependent upon its satellites for its national, economic, communications, and navigational security than the United States. The People’s Republic of China and Russia understand that reality better than anyone else, and factor that vulnerability into their military strategies. If China was one day able to take out America’s satellites, it would blind our military and send the U.S. back to the technological Stone Age.

• To the Pentagon, the nightmare of a United States waking up to the collapse of our phone, television, radio, GPS, and banking networks – is all too real. Within hours, panic, chaos, and anarchy would rule much of the nation. And if China did target and destroy the U.S. military, communication, and financial satellites, they would think nothing of taking out those of the United Kingdom or any other perceived adversaries.

• In testimony given to Congress last November, the U.S. China Economic and Security Review Commission warned in part: “China views space as a critical U.S. military and economic vulnerability and has fielded an array of direct-ascent, cyber, electromagnetic, and co-orbital counter-space weapons capable of targeting nearly every class of U.S. space asset.”

• While in the recent past, the White Houses and the Pentagon were more concerned about the threat posed to our assets in space by Russia. Although Russia has demonstrated its anti-satellite weaponry, the fact is that both Russia and the U.S. are playing catch-up with the Chinese military in space.

• The United States, Great Britain and many of our allies tend to see the future in terms of weeks, months, and years. China sees its future in terms of years, decades, and centuries. It is China’s intention to one day create the ultimate “High Ground” by controlling all within the Earth to Moon orbit.

• The Obama administration cut or curtailed much of the U.S. human spaceflight program and putting our military space program on a back burner. China instantly noted the U.S. Government’s abandonment of the space arena and aggressively moved to fill and control that vacuum. The Trump administration created the U.S. Space Force. The sixth branch of the U.S. military is now rushing to get back into the game to protect our space assets. But China has been given a tremendous head start. And the clock is ticking.

[Editor’s Note]  If only the geopolitical situation was this simple. In reality, this is more of the Deep State’s continuing efforts to incite World War III. The Deep State wasn’t able to create a war between Russia and the U.S. So it is attempting to foment war between the U.S. and China by having the Mockingbird Media create a public panic about it.

The truth is, as Dr. Michael Salla points out in this new book, Rise of the Red Dragon, the Deep State set up this scenario back in the 1950’s when they deported one of America’s top aerospace engineers, Dr. Tsien Hsue-shen, who also knew about our advanced spacecraft propulsion technology gleaned directly from extraterrestrials, back to China. Dr. Salla theorizes that the Deep State intended to allow the Chinese space program to unfold, at which time the Deep State cold infiltrate the Chinese government – which it now has – and instigate hostilities between the U.S. and China – which it now is – in order to cause global upheaval and thereby gain more power and control. Alliance forces are well aware of the Deep State’s tactics, however, and have a few surprises in store for them as well.

 

Why should that be of concern to the political and military leadership of the United States and those of our allies?

There is no nation on Earth more dependent upon its satellites in low and geosynchronous orbit for its national, economic, communications, and navigational security and survival than the United States. No nation.

The People’s Republic of China and Russia not only understand that reality better than anyone else, but factor that vulnerability into their ongoing military strategies.

The scenario which sends a chill down the spine of the White House, the U.S. Military, and many Members of Congress, is that China – unchallenged in space – will one day take out all of those satellites and thereby blind our military and send the United States back to the technological Stone Age.

Once done, the President of China only has to reach the President of the United States – be that Trump, Joe Biden, or Michelle Obama, or Nikki Haley in the future – and dictate their terms for our surrender.

Sound far-fetched? Not to the Pentagon or those in our Government tracking China in space.

Civilisation destroyed

To them, the nightmare of a United States waking up to the collapse of our phone, television, radio, GPS, and banking networks – just to name a few – is all too real.

Within hours at the most, panic, chaos, and anarchy would rule much of the nation.

And if the PRC did target and destroy the military, communication, and financial satellites of the U.S., surely they would think nothing of taking out those of the United Kingdom or any other perceived adversaries.

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Army’s Senior Space Officer Preparing Space Force for Army Forces

Article by Carrie Campbell and Lira Frye                              August 28, 2020                              (dvidshub.net)

• On August 21st, during the flag unfurling ceremony with U.S. Space Command at Schriever Air Force Base, the Army’s senior space officer, Lt. Gen. Daniel L. Karbler, highlighted the importance of a warfighting culture and preparing the U.S. Space Force to accept Army forces. “As we look down the road and we look at the potential for transfer of Army forces to the USSF, we have to make sure that it’s a conditions-based transfer and that before we do that, it’s done with meticulous analysis,” Karbler said. “My commitment to you (USSPACECOM) is that we retain that warfighting readiness with any kind of transfer decisions.”

• Transfers from the Air Force to the U.S. Space Force started in 2020. The timeframe for Army or Navy personnel transfers to the Space Force is no earlier than 2022. The Army Service Component Command for USSPACECOM will integrate ‘Army space’ into the USSPACECOM warfighting culture through trained and ready Army forces performing crucial missions around the globe and supporting other combatant commands.

• In his first official act as commander of the US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Lt. Gen. James H. Dickinson said at the unfurling ceremony, “In my mind, this is a great integration opportunity for some of our very important mission areas between USSTRATCOM and USSPACECOM.” At an August 20th ceremony at Peterson Air Force Base, Dickenson said, “To be clear, our objective is to deter a conflict …extending to space, and to enable our nation to compete in space from a position of strength. However, should deterrence fail, our imperative is clear: we will win. To do so, we will require a space warfighting culture that permeates our entire command.”

• Karbler said his command will support Dickenson’s warfighting mindset. “My commitment to you is to make sure our operational brigades and the developmental work we do is at the forefront of that warfighting readiness,” said Karbler. “Winning matters. But I will tell you that in space, winning first really matters.”

 

SCHRIEVER AIR FORCE BASE, Colo. – During an historic ceremony solidifying the relationship between the Army’s and the Department of Defense’s space commands Aug. 21, the Army’s senior space officer highlighted the importance of a warfighting culture and preparing the U.S. Space Force to accept Army forces.

    Lt. Gen. Daniel L. Karbler

During the flag unfurling ceremony with U.S. Space Command at Schriever Air Force Base, Lt. Gen. Daniel L.

  Lt. Gen. James H. Dickinson

Karbler, USASMDC commanding general, emphasized readiness, stressing that any transfer of forces into the U.S. Space Force is conditions based to ensure no readiness gap.

“As we look down the road and we look at the potential for transfer of Army forces to the USSF, we have to make sure that it’s a conditions-based transfer and that before we do that, it’s done with meticulous analysis,” Karbler said. “My commitment to you (USSPACECOM) is that we retain that warfighting readiness with any kind of transfer decisions.”

Transfers from the Air Force to the U.S. Space Force started in fiscal year 2020. The timeframe for Army or Navy space requirements to move to the Space Force remains no earlier than fiscal year 2022 or 2023.

The flag unfurling designated USASMDC as the Army Service Component Command for USSPACECOM. In this role, USASMDC integrates Army space into the USSPACECOM warfighting culture through trained and ready Army forces performing crucial no-fail missions around the globe while continuing support to other combatant commands.

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The Perils and Promise of LEO Constellations

Article by Sandra Erwin                                 July 4, 2020                              (spacenews.com)

• Mike Griffin, the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, says that the Pentagon must reduce its dependence on large, billion-dollar satellites in geosynchronous orbit that are vulnerable to anti-satellite weapons. As an alternative, the DoD’s Space Development Agency plans to deploy satellites in ‘proliferated low Earth orbit’ constellations, or ‘PLEO’, to put up a communications transport layer and a surveillance and tracking layer of satellites for hypersonic missile defense.

• The smaller satellites comprising the PLEO constellations provide a resilient space infrastructure that is cheaper and easier to replace than geostationary systems, should they be destroyed by anti-satellite weapons. A key question is whether satellites and launch vehicles can be made cheap enough to make the cost of taking down a LEO system not worth it. “Changing the “cost equation” for an enemy will be a key challenge for DoD and the U.S. Space Force,” said Michael Martindale, the Director of Space Education for Space Force.

• ‘Low Earth orbit’ (LEO) satellites are easier to hit from ground-based anti-satellite weapons. Sophisticated in-space weaponry is not required for LEO satellites, as it would be to take down satellites in geostationary orbit (GEO).

• A recent study by Todd Harrison of the Center for Strategic and International Studies shows that China and Russia, despite their rhetoric about wanting to ban weapons in space, are building arsenals of ground-based anti-satellite weaponry. This sends a message to other countries that ground-based anti-satellite weapons are fair game. Says Harrison, “With its 2019 ASAT test, India made clear that it believes kinetic Earth-to-space ASAT weapons are a legitimate means of self-defense by deterrence.”

• In their respective space-arms control proposals, China and Russia do not prohibit ground-based weapons. “Their behavior says they’re only interested in banning the capabilities that they don’t already have,” says Martindale. With more LEO systems about to be deployed by the DoD, which are vulnerable to the ground-based anti-satellite missiles, American space superiority is now being contested.

• Space Force can’t possibly protect every satellite in Earth’s orbit, so it must figure out ways to deter countries from even attempting to take one down. The United States has more to lose than anyone else if satellites become targets in a war. The key is to make it too costly for an enemy to mount an attack. “You have to reduce the value of each individual target.” Says Martindale, “[I]f there are hundreds of targets, and the enemy knows that the U.S. can replenish those assets quickly, the cost equation changes and using missiles is not as effective.”

• Such a deterrent strategy would require a ready supply of replacement satellites and rapid access to launch services so constellations can be replenished quickly and inexpensively. Right now, it generally takes years to get a DoD satellite off the ground. Space Force needs to bring this equation down to days or weeks to launch and replace a LEO positioned satellite.

 

                        Mike Griffin

The Pentagon has already created an acronym — PLEO — for its plans to deploy satellites in proliferated low Earth orbit constellations.

DoD’s Space Development Agency is leading the way as it prepares to put up a communications transport layer and a surveillance and tracking layer for hypersonic missile defense.

The Pentagon’s staunchest proponent of PLEO, undersecretary of defense for research and engineering Mike Griffin, has argued that the Pentagon must reduce its dependence on large, billion-dollar satellites in geosynchronous orbit that are vulnerable to anti-satellite weapons.

              Todd Harrison

The case for proliferated constellations in low Earth orbit is based on the idea that it provides a resilient space infrastructure. Smaller satellites would be cheaper and easier to replace than geostationary systems if they were destroyed by anti-satellite weapons. That approach should work in theory. A key question is whether satellites and launch vehicles can be made cheap enough to make the cost of taking down a LEO system not worth it.

Changing the “cost equation” for an enemy will be a key challenge for DoD and the U.S. Space Force, says Michael Martindale, a former U.S. Air Force space operator and currently the director of space education for the Space Force Association.

As much as DoD worries about GEO satellites becoming targets of China’s orbital weapons, LEO systems are much easier to hit — no sophisticated in-space weapons required. So-called direct-ascent weapon such as ordinary surface-to-air missiles and anti-ballistic missile interceptors are far more likely to be used against low-orbiting satellites than space-based weapons, Martindale says.

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