Tag: Salvatore Cezar Pais

The Story of Otis T. Carr – The Man Who Invented An ‘Anti-Gravity’ Vehicle In The 1950s

 

Article by Arjun Walia                       March 4, 2020                         (collective-evolution.com)

• A recent investigation conducted by a Michigan State University professor and a former secretary from the Department of Housing and Development, along with a team of Ph.D students, tracked down approximately $21 trillion that went missing and unaccounted for from the Department of Defense and the Department of Housing and Development. They discovered that the money was diverted to fund government black budget projects, off the books, with no Congressional oversight.  This black budget world has existed for many years.

• Take the subject of ‘anti-gravity’. This is a field full of reputable scientists and scholars, and real-world examples that have come not only from hard evidence but from extremely credible witness testimony. This isn’t the stuff of conspiracy theories or “fringe” science. But it is ‘black budget’. The technology developed under these programs could change the world, but instead it’s only used within the military-industrial complex for self-serving purposes.

• Efficient energy-generating devices that could eliminate the use of oil, or any other modern day fuel source for that matter, have been subjected to patent suppression. Any civilian who invents technology that rivals the black budget world is subjected to harassment and great difficulty in getting their inventions out to the public. That’s because these technologies have been ‘classified’, for if they were made public it would change everything, and would severely threaten the tremendous amount of power and control the global elite has over the human population.

• In 1971, patents for solar photovoltaic generators were subject to review and possible restriction if the photovoltaics were more than 20% efficient. Why would higher energy efficiencies be a “national security threat?” We’re talking about the suppression of solar technology that goes far beyond even the best commercial panels available today. Said former NASA astronaut Brian O’Leary about ‘free energy’ devices, “If these technologies were to be set free worldwide, the change would be profound, it would be applicable everywhere. These technologies are absolutely the most important thing that has happened in the history of the world”

• In the 1950s, there was a lot of media attention focused on the wave of UFO sightings, crashed saucers and aliens that had been recovered. It is very likely that the government or the military industrial complex had obtained saucer technology by this time. A document in the CIA online reading room describes how the German aeronautical engineer, George Klein, had been developing ‘flying saucers’ from 1941 to 1945. The document states: “The “flying saucer” reached an altitude of 12,400 meters within 3 minutes and a speed of 2,200 kilometers per hour. Klein emphasized that in accordance with German plans, the speed of these “saucers” would reach 4,000 kilometers per hour.”

• Otis T. Carr (pictured above) had similar claims. A protégé of Nikola Tesla, Carr and his team had constructed a number of fully functional flying saucers in the 1950s. He provided numerous public demonstrations and amassed millions of dollars from extremely wealthy people to further develop flying saucer technology. Carr’s goal was to fly to the moon in his “circular foil spacecraft” on December 7th, 1959. The craft would be propelled by an ‘artificial gravitic field’ and required no fuel. It would be powered by an ‘Utron electric accumulator’ – a sort of self-charging battery – utilizing the Sun’s electromagnetism. Carr claimed that a trip to the moon would only take a few hours.

• In the late 1950’s, Carr’s company, OTC Enterprises, Inc., published a statement in the Baltimore Enterprise newspaper that they were ready to build a flying saucer that was capable of travel outside of the Earth’s atmosphere, and were looking for $20 million in funding. Shortly thereafter, Carr’s laboratory was forcibly shut down. Claiming that Carr’s project would ‘destroy the monetary system of the United States’, federal agents confiscated his equipment and all documentation. Carr was heavily criticized, ridiculed, and made a fool of by the press. In January 1961, the Attorney General of New York, Louis J. Lefkowitz, stated that Carr had swindled investors out of $50,000. Later that year, True Magazine labelled Carr a “hoaxer.” By then, his laboratory had been destroyed and Carr’s group of engineers had been ordered to disband and cease contact with one another.

• It is clear that this was a coordinated government effort to shut Carr down. Such advanced scientific developments are reserved only for the black budget world. Carr was convicted and denied an appeal for his ‘crime’. He could not afford to pay the fine and served part of a 14-year jail term. After that little is known about what became of either Carr himself or the craft, but they never flew again. Carr is reported to have suffered from ill-health, a broken man. He passed away in Gardnerville, Nevada, in 2005.

• The global elite has always demonstrated their supremacy by ridiculing concepts that they don’t want made public. There are multiple technological developments that have been completely hushed up, for “national security purposes.” Still, anti-gravity technology has been around for a long time. Professor Theodore Lodre of the University of New Hampshire has studied the development of anti-gravity research in the United States and notes that “research activity seemed to disappear by the mid-1950s.” However, recently reported scientific findings and witness testimonies “show us that this (anti-gravity) research and technology is alive and well and very advanced.”

• On November 1, 2005, Patent #6,960,975 was granted to Boris Volfson of Huntington, Indiana. It describes a space vehicle propelled by a superconducting shield, which alters the curvature of space-time outside the craft in a way that counteracts gravity. The device builds on a claim by Russian physicist Eugene Podkletnov that superconductors can shield the effects of gravity.

• In 2016, the US Navy filed a patent for a hybrid craft “using an inertial mass reduction device”, that was invented by Salvatore Cezar Pais. The hybrid craft was actually approved in 2018. In January 2019, Pais presented a paper on a “Room Temperature Superconducting System for Use on a Hybrid Aerospace Undersea Craft” that would ostensibly power this hybrid craft. In the paper, Pais writes that “the achievement of room temperature superconductivity represents a highly disruptive technology, capable of a total paradigm change in Science and Technology.”

 

It’s astonishing to me how the topic of anti-gravity is still be placed in the “conspiracy theory” realm. This isn’t the stuff of conspiracy theories or “fringe” science, it’s a field full of reputable scientists and scholars, and real-world examples that have come not only from hard evidence but from extremely credible witness testimony as well.  One thing is for certain when talking about such topics: one must delve into the black budget world.

Take, for example, a recent investigation conducted by a Michigan State University professor and a former secretary from the Department of Housing and Development. Together, with a team of Ph.D students, they uncovered approximately $21 trillion that went missing and unaccounted for from the Department of Defense as well as the Department of Housing and Development. Why is this relevant? Because they discovered that the money was going to fund black budget, off the books programs that require no oversight from Congress.  This black budget world has been in operation for many years. You can read more about it here and here in two articles I’ve previously written on the subject.

        photo of Carr’s ‘flying saucer’

Breakaway Civilization

The black budget world encompasses a separate civilization (Richard Dolan, “Breakaway Civilization”) that has used tremendous amounts of resources in all areas, from science to archaeology, to move itself far ahead of the mainstream world technologically. How many people does it employ? Who is operating it? Many of these questions remain unknown, but if you follow the money it will give you perhaps somewhat of an idea.

Any civilian who invents technology that rivals the black budget world has always been subjected to harassment, and has difficulty getting their innovations or inventions out to the public. That’s because these technologies have been ‘classified’, for if they were made public it would change everything, severely threatening the tremendous amount of power and control the global elite has over the human population.

The technology that’s been developed within these programs could change the world, but instead it’s used within the military-industrial complex for self-serving purposes, or so it seems. Efficient energy-generating devices that could eliminate the use of oil, or any other modern day fuel source for that matter, have been subjected to patent suppression.

Suppressed Technology List From 1971

For example, the previous list regarding technology suppressed was obtained by researcher Michael Ravnitzky in 1971. Most of the technology listed seems to be related to various military applications. You can view that list here. As Steven Aftergood from the Federation of American Scientists reports: “The 1971 list indicates that patents for solar photovoltaic generators were subject to review and possible restriction if the photovoltaics were more than 20% efficient. Energy conversion systems were likewise subject to review and possible restriction if they offered conversion efficiencies in “excess of 70-80%.”

Why would higher energy efficiencies be a “national security threat?” If this is true, we are talking about solar technology that goes far beyond the best commercial panels available today, which usually can’t even generate 20 percent efficiency.

“These concepts have been proven in hundreds of laboratories throughout the world and yet they have not really seen the light of day. If these technologies were to be set free worldwide, the change would be profound, it would be applicable everywhere. These technologies are absolutely the most important thing that has happened in the history of the world”  – Brian O’Leary, Former Nasa Astronaut and Princeton Physics Professor, speaking about over-unity energy, or ‘free’ energy.

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The Secretive Inventor of the Navy’s ‘UFO Patents’ Finally Talks

 

Article by Brett Tingley                            January 22, 2020                               (thedrive.com)

• Dr. Salvatore Cezar Pais (pictured above) is the inventor of next-generation technology that has been patented and assigned to the US Navy. These patents include high-temperature superconductors, gravitational wave generators, compact fusion reactors, and high-energy electromagnetic field generators. Pais has patented a “hybrid aerospace-underwater craft” that seemingly bends the laws of physics as we know them. Mainstream scientists and physicists have made it clear that they find the patented technology largely absurd and not grounded in scientific fact. But while the US Patent Office initially rejected the validity of the patents, the Chief Technology Officer of the US Naval Aviation Enterprise personally attested to the reality of these inventions in the successful patent appeal.

• So what exactly is going on with these patents? Are they proactive of future technology or simply misinformation aimed at rival nations? Is the Navy on the verge of changing human technological progress as we know it? Or do they represent a breakthrough that has already occurred?

• Dr. Pais published a new academic paper in the journal IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science detailing his work on his patented Plasma Compression Fusion Device – a compact fusion reactor capable of creating a net energy gain that would revolutionize energy production. It’s worth noting that the US Navy did not make use of the Invention Secrecy Act of 1951 to make these patents classified and unavailable for public viewing. Pias’ patents were filed publicly.

• The IEEE publication notes that Dr. Pais currently works at the U.S. Navy Strategic Systems Programs which develops the Navy’s submarine-launched ballistic missiles, nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, and the new hypersonic Intermediate-Range Conventional Prompt Strike that can potentially reach any target on Earth within an hour, depending on the location of the launch platform.

• The author section in this new academic paper states that Dr. Pais has “advanced knowledge… in aerodynamics… and missile design”… as well as “expertise in electro-optics and emerging quantum technologies, particularly the laser power… high-energy electromagnetic field generation… (and) condensed matter physics, such as… room temperature superconductivity, as related to advanced field propulsion.”

• Dr. Salvatore Cezar Pais recently responded to a few questions from The War Zone by email. Reiterating what is already on public record, Pais confirmed that he is a graduate of Case Western Reserve University earning his Ph.D in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in 1998. But Pais stresses that all of the former patent work he did was conducted under NAVAIR/ NAWCAD. His current position with Navy’s Strategic Systems Programs has nothing to do with this type of advanced physics work. As testing by the Naval Air System’s Chief Technology Officer ostensibly showed that his patents were indeed feasible, it is puzzling that Pais would transfer to another unit in a separate field of study.

• In his emailed response to Brett Tingley, Pais stands behind the science underlying his ‘Compact Fusion Reactor’ which is patented and published in the prestigious IEEE TPS journal. Pais explains that his work culminates in the “Pais Effect” where energy flux is generated by electrically charged matter changing from solid to plasma states, and subjected to accelerated vibration and spin via rapid acceleration transients, to create a “Macroscopic Quantum Coherence” – the fundamental structure from which everything else in our Quantum Reality emerges.

• In 2001, the Commission on the Future of the United States Aerospace Industry concluded that “… breakthrough energy sources… such as nuclear fusion and anti-matter, must be credibly investigated in order for us to practically pursue human exploration of the solar system and beyond”. “[T]hese energy sources should be the topic of a focused… research effort.”

• However, Carl Willis, a nuclear engineer at the University of New Mexico and Senior Research Engineer for Verus Research, says the literature for Pais’ plasma compression fusion device contains invented jargon, nebulous adjectives and adverbs, and nonsensical statements that seem to contradict basic and accepted physics.

• Dr. Charles Collett, assistant professor of Physics at Muhlenberg College (in Allentown, Pennsylvania) also remains skeptical. While he admits that the theoretical basis for the so-called Pais Effect “is not outlandish”, there are likely “significant engineering challenges in creating a device” capable of producing such high electromagnetic forces. Collett says that he “cannot see how that interaction could lead to any of the claimed effects.”

• Some scientists even suggest that the intended audience of the empty jargon and pseudoscience contained in these patents may not be the scientific community. In fact, not a single mainstream scientist or engineer will corroborate the claims made in Dr. Pais’s patents. Nevertheless, Dr. Pais assures, “[M]y work shall be proven correct one fine day…”.

 

Over the last six months, The War Zone has been deeply reporting on a set of bizarre patents assigned to the U.S. Navy. The patents, which are all the product of a single inventor, truly sound like the stuff of science fiction and include high-temperature superconductors, gravitational wave generators, compact fusion reactors, and high-energy electromagnetic field generators. Most radical of all is the “hybrid aerospace-underwater craft” claimed to be able to “engineer the fabric of our reality at the most fundamental level” by seemingly bending the laws of physics as we know them. Together, these patents seem to be the building blocks of a vehicle with truly out-of-this-world, UFO-like performance. As part of our reporting, we have been working to better understand the mind behind this mysterious intellectual property. Now, the elusive Dr. Salvatore Cezar Pais has spoken to The War Zone.

Despite the patents sounding extremely far-fetched, official documents show that the Chief Technology Officer of the U.S. Naval Aviation Enterprise personally attested to the reality of these inventions and their importance to national security and peer-state competition in appeals with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Meanwhile, the scientists and physicists we have talked to on and off the record have made it clear that they find the claims largely absurd and not grounded in scientific fact. At the same time, there is, in fact, many decades of government research into similar technologies that are very much alike in concept to some of Pais’s work. As such, while these are obscure ideas and remain on the edge of science, they are not exactly brand new.

All of this has led many to wonder what exactly is going on with these patents and a multitude of questions remain unanswered. Are the Salvatore

Pais patents simply proactive, hoping to get ahead of the game for when or if these technologies actually become feasible? Are they part of a

                Salvatore Pais

misinformation campaign designed to lead America’s adversaries on a fruitless wild goose chase? Could they be an attempt by the Navy to try to emulate seemingly unexplained craft with incredible capabilities that its personnel have encountered? Could the Navy really be on the verge of changing human technological progress as we know it? Or maybe they even represent a breakthrough that has already occurred. Then again, could they be just the flimsy product of a persuasive and imaginative inventor and his gullible Navy bosses?

The one person who would actually know the answer to these questions and more is Dr. Pais himself.

New Details Emerge

Dr. Pais recently published a new academic paper in the IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science journal detailing his work on his Plasma Compression

     Carl Willis
    Dr. Charles Collett

Fusion Device. That device, the patent for which The War Zone has previously reported on, is a compact fusion reactor claimed to be capable of creating a net energy gain, a breakthrough that would revolutionize energy production if truly feasible.

Like all of Dr. Pais’s other patents and publications, the paper claims that this revolutionary new fusion reactor employs “controlled motion of electrically charged matter through accelerated vibration and/or accelerated spin subjected to smooth, yet rapid acceleration–deceleration–acceleration transients, to generate extremely high energy/high-intensity electromagnetic (EM) fields.” In the case of this reactor, those EM fields are claimed to both heat the plasma within the core and also confine and compress it, enabling energy production levels currently out of reach.

In the author section of the paper, it is stated that Dr. Pais has “advanced knowledge of theory, analysis, and modern experimental and computational methods in aerodynamics, along with an understanding of air-vehicle and missile design, especially in the domain of hypersonic power plant and vehicle design” as well as “expertise in electrooptics and emerging quantum technologies, particularly the laser power generation arena, and high-energy electromagnetic field generation, besides condensed matter physics, such as the emerging breakthrough field of room temperature superconductivity, as related to advanced field propulsion.”

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The Truth Is the Military Has Been Researching “Anti-Gravity” For Nearly 70 Years

Listen to “e153 The Truth Is the Military Has Been Researching “Anti-Gravity” For Nearly 70 Years” on Spreaker.

Article by Brett Tingley                        October 29, 2019                      (thedrive.com)

• For the better part of a century, the most advanced laboratories under control of both the armed forces and the academic world have been trying their best to harness “anti-gravity” and extremely advanced next-generation propulsion technologies. The U.S. military and the federal government have been formally researching these radical concepts since the 1950s, and according to research by “The Warzone” on TheDrive.com website, those efforts have continued to this day. And since this information comes from unclassified sources, there is definitely more than just what is represented here.

• In 1956, the New York Herald Tribune published a series of articles by Ansel Talbert naming research institutes that were studying the secrets of anti-gravity in the 1950s by focusing on electromagnetism, high speed rotation, and various methods of reducing an aircraft’s mass. Nearly every major aerospace company at the time was involved in some way with researching “the gravity problem”: Convair, Lear, Sikorsky, Sperry-Rand Corp., General Dynamics, and Avro Canada. While some of the brightest minds in aerospace engineering and physics were devoted to studying gravity at the time, no working anti-gravity technologies ever came from these endeavors. Talbert noted that “the biggest deterrent to scientific progress is a refusal of some … scientists to believe that things which seem amazing can really happen.”

• Grover Loening was the first aeronautic engineer hired by the Wright Brothers. After a forty year career, he was decorated by the United States Air Force for his work as a special scientific consultant. Said Loening, “I firmly believe that before long man will acquire the ability to build an electromagnetic contra-gravity mechanism that works.” “Much the same line of reasoning that enabled scientists to split up atomic structures also will enable them to learn the nature of gravitational attraction and ways to counter it.”

• The US Air Force established its own anti-gravity research project early on. Joshua N. Goldberg served as a research physicist at Wright-Patterson’s Aerospace Research Laboratories from 1956 to 1962 where dozens of theoretical studies were produced. Some have claimed, however, that the Air Force-funded laboratories were set up merely to investigate reports of Russian anti-gravity research as a result of ‘Sputnik’-shock”.

• Wright-Patterson’s anti-gravity research concluded in the early 1970s with the passage of the Mansfield Amendments that limited military funding of research to that which had a direct relationship to a specific military function. Following the Mansfield Amendments, the Department of Defense’s research strategy shifted more towards the proposal-grant model seen at university and private laboratories today. The scientists at Wright-Patterson moved on to long careers in academia where they continued their research for the Air Force.

• In 1972, Franklin Mead, then Senior Aerospace Engineer with the Air Force Aerospace Research Laboratories, published ‘Project Outgrowth’ – a technical report discussing advanced propulsion concepts ranging from traditional rocket propulsion to “anti-gravity propulsion”. Two main approaches to anti-gravity in the report were “gravitational absorption” and a “unified field theory” which unites electromagnetism and gravitation. Mead and his group believed that these types of breakthrough propulsion concepts may be possible once materials sciences caught up with concepts developed in theoretical physics.

• In 1988, a New York lab submitted a concept report to the US Air Force at Edwards AF base which discussed the Biefield-Brown effect, where electrical fields produce propulsive forces. In 1989, a similar report explored the interactions between gravitational, electrical, and electromagnetic fields, resulting in the ‘Mach effect’. It also explores the concept of inertial mass variation using a rotating cylinder filled with mercury. While much of the research cited is still in its infancy, says the report, “… chemical propulsion is reaching its theoretical limits and nuclear propulsion has political difficulties.’ …[I]t is more likely that gravitational and electromagnetic studies will lead to future breakthroughs… (as well as) more recent low temperature fusion work.”

• A 2006 study compiled at the request of the US Air Force Research Laboratory and published by the American Institute of Physics claimed that next-generation propulsion may be achieved sometime within the next three decades. The study predicts that power systems will come in the form of field propulsion by inducing mass fluctuations using high-frequency electromagnetic fields.

• With the recent announcement of a partnership between the ‘To the Stars Academy’ and the US Army, the Army plans to explore the same principles the USAF has studied for decades: mass manipulation, electromagnetic metamaterial waveguides, and quantum physics.

• In 1996, NASA invited some of the brightest minds in physics and aerospace engineering to propose radical new ideas to propel spaceflight into a new paradigm. The program’s director, Marc Miller, noted that “it is known from observed phenomena and from the established physics of General Relativity that gravity, electromagnetism, and space-time are inter-related phenomena” that “…have led to questioning [whether] gravitational or inertial forces can be created or modified.”

• In 1997, NASA’s John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field held a conference on breakthrough propulsion concepts with titles such as “Inertial Mass as a Reaction of the Vacuum to Accelerated Motion”, “Force Field Propulsion”, and “The Zero-Point Field and the NASA Challenge to Create the Space Drive”. Among the students attending the conference may have been Salvatore Cezar Pais, the inventor of the Navy’s recently submitted anti-gravity ‘UFO’ patents. Many of the concepts in Pais’ patents are similar to those which were researched at Wright-Patterson and other facilities in the 1950s and are still being explored today by academic and independent laboratories such as Lockheed Martin.

• A 2007 private sector publication found a connection between electric and magnetic fields, writing that there is a “possibility to manipulate inertial mass” and potentially “some mechanisms for possible applications to electromagnetic propulsion and the development of advanced space propulsion physics.” A 2010 Air Force-funded study at the University of Florida produced a “wingless electromagnetic air vehicle” with “no moving parts” and “near-instantaneous response time” that “was able to hover a few millimeters above the surface for (about three minutes)”.

• For years, various branches of the Armed Forces have been actively researching metamaterials that can propagate high energy electromagnetic fields. Navy budget documents show that between 2011 and 2016, the Navy conducted research into the “dispersion and control of electromagnetic waves in the microwave region, using fabricated metamaterial structures”. Starting in 2017, the Navy changed its project reporting to make it more difficult to know whether this metamaterial research continues today.

• The long and detailed history of interest by the U.S. military and the scientific community in this exotic field has resulted in significant amounts of research that spans nearly seven decades. All this occurred in spite of the fact that scientists realized as far back as the 1950s that the topic was largely taboo and often scoffed at by the larger scientific community.

• But anyone familiar with military research and development knows that there is a vast trove of projects, associated data, and technologies the public has yet to be shown and may never be shown. As the US Air Forces ‘Project Outgrowth’ document states: “We are just beginning to understand the true nature of space and to attempt to utilize this environment for our propulsion needs. …[N]ot until man truly becomes a creature of space will the restrictions imposed on his imagination be removed and radically new propulsion concepts devised.”

 

Decades-old questions about the potential existence of fantastical anti-gravity propulsion technologies have resurfaced following the Navy’s own disclosure of encounters with unidentified aerial phenomena and our own original reporting on a series of bizarre patents assigned to the U.S. Navy that seem to defy our current understanding of physics and aerospace propulsion. While the discussion continues over whether any such technologies are feasible, the truth is that the theoretical concepts behind them are anything but new. In fact, the U.S. military and the federal government have been formally researching these radical concepts since the 1950s, and according to our own research, those efforts have continued on to this very day.

In our dive into what seems like something of a bottomless rabbit hole of government studies into this exotic scientific realm, we have collected a body of research, news reports, and firsthand accounts. These establish the fact that the types of “anti-gravity”, propellantless propulsion, and mass reduction technologies described in the Navy’s recent “UFO” patents are at least based on more than 60 years of peer-reviewed research conducted and published by the likes of the American Institute of Physics, NASA, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the Air Force Research Laboratory.

While we can’t say that any of this research led to actually being able to harness “anti-gravity” or extremely advanced next-generation propulsion technologies to any useful extent, the most advanced laboratories under control of both the armed forces and the academic world have certainly been trying their best to get there for the better part of a century. Also, keep in mind that all of this information comes from unclassified sources, and there is definitely more of it than just what is represented here. We can only wonder how much work has been done in the classified realm on what was once openly considered the next massive revolution in aerospace technology.

The Martin Company’s Early Foray Into Anti-Gravity

In terms of the Air Force’s early anti-gravity research, one intriguing first-hand account comes from Dr. Louis Witten, who was a professor of physics at the University of Cincinnati from 1968 to 1991. Throughout his career, Witten conducted research into gravitation, quantum gravity, and general relativity. The last one of these is the theory first put forward by Albert Einstein that proposes that gravity is essentially a warp or curve in the geometry of space-time caused by mass.

During a roundtable discussion titled “Recollections of the Relativistic Astrophysics Revolution” held at the 27th Texas Symposium on Relativistic Astrophysics in 2013, Witten recounted his own work on what he somewhat puzzlingly refers to as “the discovery of anti-gravity.”

In his portion of the roundtable, Witten recalls being recruited by George S. Trimble, then serving as Vice President for Aviation and Advanced Propulsion Systems at the Glenn L. Martin Company, which evolved first into Martin-Marietta and eventually merged with Lockheed in 1995 to form Lockheed Martin. The project for which Witten was recruited would come to be known as the Research Institute for Advanced Studies (RIAS) and was officially founded in 1955 by George Bunker, president of Martin, with the goal of advancing aerospace science and development.

“The vice president [Trimble] had the wonderful idea which was to develop anti-gravity,” Witten says, noting he immediately balked at the proposal. “When he tried the idea in public, you can imagine the greeting he received from scientists. So he said to himself ‘those poor bastards, I’ll show them.'” Despite his skepticism, Witten ended up accepting Trimble’s offer to join the powerful Martin executive’s pet project.

Throughout his short speech given at the roundtable, Witten says that even though he faced ridicule within the scientific community for his research, there was no shortage of people who would tell him they knew how to achieve anti-gravity.

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