Tag: Germany

China Could Start Building a Base on the Moon Today Using Technology That Already Exists

by Joshua Chou                       January 17, 2019                       (newsweek.com)

• On the heels of China’s Chang’e-4 historic landing on the far side of the moon on January 3rd, China announced its plans to follow up with three more lunar missions, laying the groundwork for a lunar base.

• How close is China to actually achieving this goal? With modern technological advancements and the discovery of water sources close to the lunar poles, China could start building a base on the Moon today.

• The lunar environment is susceptible to deep vacuum conditions, strong temperature fluctuations and solar radiation, among other conditions hostile to humans. So the first lunar base would likely be an unmanned facility run by automated robotics to ensure that the necessary infrastructures and support systems are fully operational before people arrive. China has taken the first step by examining the soil of the lunar surface. This is necessary for building an underground habitat and supporting infrastructure that will shield the base from the harsh surface conditions.

• Seeds taken to the Moon by the Chang’e-4 mission have now reportedly sprouted. This is the first time plants have been grown on the Moon, paving the way for a future food farm on the lunar base.

• Of all the possible technologies for building a lunar base, 3D printing offers the most effective strategy. 3D printing on Earth has revolutionized manufacturing productivity and efficiency. 3D printers that can operate in the microgravity environment of the Moon have the potential to make everything from daily items, like drinking cups to repair parts for the base. Both Germany and NASA have already demonstrated the feasibility of 3D printing technology in zero gravity. A lunar base will likely be built using prefabricated parts in combination with large-scale 3D printing.

• We know that human organs, tissues and cells are highly responsive to gravity, but an understanding of how human cells function and regenerate in a Moon environment is currently lacking. Will medicine from Earth still work? Again, 3D bio-printing of human organs and tissues will play a crucial role in sustaining lunar missions by allowing for robotic surgeries. Russia recently demonstrated the first 3D bio-printer to function under microgravity.

• What is certain is that China will use the next 10 to 15 years to develop the requisite technical capabilities for conducting manned lunar missions and set the stage for space exploration.

 

The world is still celebrating the historic landing of China’s Chang’e-4 on the dark side of the moon on January 3. This week, China announced its plans to follow up with three more lunar missions, laying the groundwork for a lunar base.

Colonizing the Moon, and beyond, has always being a human aspiration. Technological advancements, and the discovery of a considerable source of water close to the lunar poles, has made this idea even more appealing.

But how close is China to actually achieving this goal? If we focus on the technology currently available, China could start building a base on the Moon today.

The first lunar base

The first lunar base would likely be an unmanned facility run by automated robotics—similar to Amazon warehouses—to ensure that the necessary infrastructures and support systems are fully operational before people arrive.

The lunar environment is susceptible to deep vacuum conditions, strong temperature fluctuations and solar radiation, among other conditions hostile to humans. More importantly, we have yet to fully understand the long term impact on the human body of being in space, and on the Moon.

Seeds taken to the Moon by the Chang’e-4 mission have now reportedly sprouted. This is the first time plants have been grown on the Moon, paving the way for a future food farm on the lunar base.

Building a lunar base is no different than building the first oil rig out in the ocean. The logistics of moving construction parts must be considered, feasibility studies must be conducted and, in this case, soil samples must be tested. China has taken the first step by examining the soil of the lunar surface. This is necessary for building an underground habitat and supporting infrastructure that will shield the base from the harsh surface conditions.

3D printed everything

Of all the possible technologies for building a lunar base, 3D printing offers the most effective strategy. 3D printing on Earth has revolutionized manufacturing productivity and efficiency, reducing both waste and cost.

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China Makes Historic 1st Landing on Mysterious Far Side of the Moon

by Mike Wall                January 3, 2019                   (space.com)

• The list of ‘unexplored’ locales in our solar system just got a little shorter. China’s robotic (uncrewed) Chang’e 4 mission, which launched December 7th, touched down on the floor of the 115-mile-wide Von Kármán Crater Wednesday night (January 2nd), pulling off the “first-ever” soft landing on the lunar far side.

• Chang’e 4 (named after a moon goddess in Chinese mythology) will perform a variety of science work over the coming months to better understand the structure, formation and evolution of Earth’s ‘natural’ satellite. The lander features the Landing Camera, the Terrain Camera, the Low Frequency Spectrometer, and the Lunar Lander Neutrons and Dosimetry, which was provided by Germany. The rover has the Panoramic Camera, the Lunar Penetrating Radar, the Visible and Near-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer, and the Advanced Small Analyzer for Neutrals, which Sweden contributed.

• We already have good imagery of the far side of the Moon from above, thanks to spacecraft such as NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.) Chang’e 4’s observations could help researchers better understand why dark volcanic plains called “maria” cover much of the near side but are nearly absent on the far side. Chang’e 4 also carries a biological experiment which will track how silkworms, potatoes and Arabidopsis plants grow and develop on the lunar surface.

• “Congratulations to China’s Chang’e 4 team for what appears to be a successful landing on the far side of the moon.” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. “This is a first for humanity and an impressive accomplishment!”

• All six of NASA’s crewed Apollo missions to the lunar surface touched down on the near side of the Moon. The far side is a much tougher target for surface exploration because the Moon will block direct communication with any landers or rovers there. To deal with this issue, China launched a relay satellite called Queqiao in May 2018.

• China launched the Chang’e 1 and Chang’e 2 orbiters in 2007 and 2010, respectively, and pulled off a near-side landing with the Chang’e 3 mission in December 2013. (Chang’e 4 was originally designed as a backup to Chang’e 3, so the hardware of the two missions is similar.) China also launched a return capsule on an eight-day trip around the moon in October 2014, known as Chang’e 5T1. China has ambitions for crewed lunar missions, but its human-spaceflight program is focused more on Earth orbit in the short term. The nation aims to have a space station up and running by the early 2020s.

[Editor’s Note]   Of course, this is not the “first-ever” soft landing on the far side of the Moon. The lunar far side is notorious for containing numerous human and alien bases, including the much-expanded Lunar Operations Command base. Thus, it is NASA disinformation that the far side of the Moon is an ‘unexplored’ locale. Beings have been “exploring” the cavernous Moon since it was placed in the Earth’s orbit around a half-a-billion years ago. This event is only a “first for humanity” insofar as NASA and the highly compromised deep state mainstream media are concerned.  (see 1:19 minute video of the Chinese mission below)

 

Humanity just planted its flag on the far side of the moon.

China’s robotic Chang’e 4 mission touched down on the floor of the 115-mile-wide (186 kilometers) Von Kármán Crater Wednesday night (Jan. 2), pulling off the first-ever soft landing on the mysterious lunar far side.

Chang’e 4 will perform a variety of science work over the coming months, potentially helping scientists better understand the structure, formation and evolution of Earth’s natural satellite. But the symbolic pull of the mission will resonate more with the masses: The list of unexplored locales in our solar system just got a little shorter.

The epic touchdown — which took place at 9:26 p.m. EST (0226 GMT and 10:26 a.m. Beijing time on Jan. 3), according to Chinese space officials — followed closely on the heels of two big NASA spaceflight milestones. On Dec. 31, the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft entered orbit around the near-Earth asteroid Bennu, and the New Horizons probe zoomed past the distant object Ultima Thule just after midnight on Jan. 1.

“Congratulations to China’s Chang’e 4 team for what appears to be a successful landing on the far side of the moon. This is a first for humanity and an impressive accomplishment!” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said via Twitter Wednesday night, after word of the milestone began circulating on social media.

Congratulations to China’s Chang’e-4 team for what appears to be a successful landing on the far side of the Moon. This is a first for humanity and an impressive accomplishment! pic.twitter.com/JfcBVsjRC8
— Jim Bridenstine (@JimBridenstine) January 3, 2019

1:19 minute video by ‘The Guardian’ of the Chinese probe landing on the far side of the Moon

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